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Process of buying a home for first time Buyer

Buy a Home

The home-buying process can seem complicated, but if you take things step-by-step, you will soon be holding the keys to your own home!

Nine steps to buying a home

  1. Figure out how much you can afford
  2. Know your rights
  3. Shop for a loan
  4. Learn about home-buying programs
  5. Shop for a home
  6. Make an offer
  7. Get a home inspection
  8. Shop for homeowners insurance
  9. Sign papers

Step 1: Figure out how much you can afford

What you can afford depends on your income, credit rating, current monthly expenses, down payment and the interest rate. The calculators below can help, but it is best to visit a lender/loan officer to find out for sure.

How much home can you afford?
Buying vs. Renting
Home Economics

Need help with your down payment and/or closing costs?

Homebuying programs in your state

A housing counselor can help you figure out how to manage and pay off your debt, and start saving for that downpayment!

Step 2: Know your rights

Fair Housing: Equal Opportunity for All
Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)
Borrower’s rights
Predatory lending

Step 3: Shop for a loan

Save money by doing your homework. Talk to several lenders, compare costs and interest rates, negotiate to get a better deal. Consider getting pre-approved for a loan.

Looking for the best mortgage: shop, compare, negotiate
Let FHA help you
Why Ask for an FHA Loan?
Learn about interest only loans
Avoid Predatory Lenders

Step 4: Learn about homebuying programs

Homebuying programs in your state

FHA loan programs offer lower downpayments and are a good option for first-time homebuyers.

Let FHA help you
HUD’s special homebuying programs
Good Neighbor Next Door (formerly known as Teacher/Officer/Firefighter Next Door)
Hurricane Evacuees discounted sales
Homeownership for public housing residents
Indian Home Loan Guarantee Program (Section 184)

Step 5: Shop for a home

Choose a real estate agent
Wish list – what features do you want?
Home-shopping checklist – take this list with you when comparing homes
Homes for sale (including HUD homes)
Fixer-uppers ” – home purchase and repair programs
Manufactured (mobile) homes
Build a home

If you choose a home in a neighborhood with a Home Owners Association (HOA), be sure to request a copy of the HOA packet, so you can review before closing.

Step 6: Make an offer

Discuss the process with your real estate agent. If the seller counters your offer, you may need to negotiate until you both agree to the terms of the sale.

Making an offer

Step 7: Get a home inspection

Make your offer contingent on a home inspection. An inspection will tell you about the condition of the home, and can help you avoid buying a home that needs major repairs.

For Your Protection Get a Home Inspection
10 Questions to ask a home inspector

Step 8: Shop for homeowners insurance

Lenders require that you have homeowners insurance. Be sure to shop around.

Homeowners insurance
12 ways to lower your homeowners insurance costs

Step 9: Sign papers

You’re finally ready to go to “settlement” or “closing.” Be sure to read everything before you sign!

Settlement Costs and Helpful Information

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